As a result of the successful applied research, the scientific teams of the ICPF applied for and obtained over 20 patents. Other patents, utility models and prototypes are constantly being developed within the applied research projects. As an illustration of successful activities of the ICPF in applied research, we present selected successful results of applied projects.
Production of Helicenes
Within the Ministry of Industry and Trade Project, the Group of Advanced Materials and Organic Synthesis (GAMOS) cooperated with an industrial partner, company Lach-Ner s.r.o., on the production technology of various helicenes in multigram-scale quantities. The developed technology was immediately implemented into the production and the helicenes are now distributed by company Lach-Ner in the Czech Republic and worldwide .
Within the research of advanced recycling technologies, we have developed a method of chemical disposal of the waste luminophores from the electronic devices. Apart from the disposal of the toxic components, valuable by-products, the yttrium and europium oxides, are additionally yielded. In cooperation with the company Safina Vestec, a.s., we designed and constructed the production line for recycling the waste containing the lanthanoids. In the future, we intend to use it for conversion of permanent magnets or metal hydride batteries. The outcome was awarded the Prize of Health and Safe Environment in 2006 by the Business Leaders Forum.
Decrease of CO2 Emissions from Biogas Stations
The project with ČEZ focused on increasing the potential of biogas stations in terms of their indicator that affects the so-called Global warming potential, i.e. we tried to diminish the content of greenhouse gasses produced from the output of the co-generation unit of the biogas station. The solution was based on the pilot testing of the possible CO2 capture of the part of the carbon dioxide by the Chlorella microalgae that was cultivated in the photobioreactor model. After the cultivation and partial CO2 capture in the output of the system, the algae were recycled into the fermenters as a substrate. The acquired findings can be used for decision making and practical feasibility of this method in real conditions.
Electrodiffusion Diagnostic Apparatus
technique of limit diffusion currents to hydrodynamic measurements of wall shear rates and flow velocity in fluids. The team of the ICPF designed and constructed a unique measuring apparatus including ED probes of their own design and operating software. It is an automated potentiostat for the multichannel measurement for both the conventional measuring apparatuses and in the microreactors. Currently, these devices are used for research at the French Universities in Lyon, Nantes and La Rochelle.
Another unique apparatus designed and assembled at the ICPF is the combined aerosol spectrometer Basamatikum 1.0TM, which enables to measure size distribution of aerosol particles in the range between 20 nm – 20 µm. As a resulting quantity, it determines the number concentration of aerosol particles in individual size classes (58 in total). The apparatus can automatically switch the input sample between two sampling points (for instance, indoor and outdoor environment). The whole apparatus consists of two aerosol spectrometers (UFPM and APS), electrically powered ball valve, sample line with isokinetic subsampling to both of the two spectrometers and two input sampling lines (See Picture 1). Operation of the whole apparatus, collection and storage of data, checking switching between sampling lines and the user interface are secured by means of the LACP-made (Laboratory of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the CAS, v.v.i.) software in LabVIEW programming environment.
Diagram of Combined Basamatikum Spectrometer 1.0